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Papers on Applied Magnetic Research

August 6th, 2014

The Institute of Physics (IOP) announced the publication  of The 2014 Magnetism Roadmap. This review article, featuring twelve two-page articles, identifies the key developments, future challenges and emerging research areas in applied magnetism.

Editors at the IOP have put selected the following topical reviews and recent papers on the same topic.

Topical Reviews

Selected Papers

EBooks on Machine Learning

August 5th, 2014

Following is a list of electronic books on machine learning.  Click on the titles to read online or download it for later reading.

Library staff can provide customized lists by topics.  All books can be searched and downloaded from within the JPL network. They can then be transferred to mobile devices for later reading.  For more questions, contact the Library Reference Desk at, or call ext 4-4200.

Recent Papers of Findings from Curiosity

August 4th, 2014

Celebrating the two Earth year landing of Curiosity on Mars, following is a list of research papers that have been published with findings from Curiosity since 2013.  To read the full text of the articles, go to the JPL Library BEACON web site, eJournals A-Z list and find by journal title.


  • J. H. P. Oosthoek et al., PlanetServer: Innovative approaches for the online analysis of hyperspectral satellite data from Mars. Advances in Space Research 53, 1858-1871 (2014).
  • C. Covault, BEYOND Curiosity A MARS SAMPLE RETURN. Aerospace America 51, 32-37 (2013).
  • P. Withers, Landing spacecraft on Mars and other planets: An opportunity to apply introductory physics. American Journal of Physics 81, 565-569 (2013).
  •  S. J. Mills et al., Looking for jarosite on Mars: The low-temperature crystal structure of jarosite. American Mineralogist 98, 1966-1971 (2013).
  • J. N. Benardini, III, M. T. La Duc, R. A. Beaudet, R. Koukol, Implementing Planetary Protection Measures on the Mars Science Laboratory. Astrobiology 14, 27-32 (2014).
  • J. N. Benardini, III, M. T. La Duc, D. Ballou, R. Koukol, Implementing Planetary Protection on the Atlas V Fairing and Ground Systems Used to Launch the Mars Science Laboratory. Astrobiology 14, 33-41 (2014).
  •  Curiosity goes dating on Mars. Astronomy & Geophysics 55, 8-8 (2014).
  •  A. A. Saei, A. A. Omidi, A. Barzegari, Screening and genetic manipulation of green organisms for establishment of biological life support systems in space. Bioengineered 4, 65-71 (2013).


  • E. Dehouck et al., Weathering of olivine under CO2 atmosphere: A martian perspective. Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta 135, 170-189 (2014).
  • L. J. Hallis, H. A. Ishii, J. P. Bradley, G. J. Taylor, Transmission electron microscope analyses of alteration phases in martian meteorite MIL 090032. Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta 134, 275-288 (2014).
  • A. A. Fraeman et al., A hematite-bearing layer in Gale Crater, Mars: Mapping and implications for past aqueous conditions. Geology 41, 1103-1106 (2013).
  •  S. Silvestro et al., Pervasive aeolian activity along rover Curiosity’s traverse in Gale Crater, Mars. Geology 41, 483-486 (2013).
  • M. D. Lane, P. R. Christensen, Determining olivine composition of basaltic dunes in Gale Crater, Mars, from orbit: Awaiting ground truth from Curiosity. Geophysical Research Letters 40, 3517-3521 (2013).
  • S. K. Atreya et al., Primordial argon isotope fractionation in the atmosphere of Mars measured by the SAM instrument on Curiosity and implications for atmospheric loss. Geophysical Research Letters 40, 5605-5609 (2013).
  •  M. H. Wong et al., Isotopes of nitrogen on Mars: Atmospheric measurements by Curiosity’s mass spectrometer. Geophysical Research Letters 40, 6033-6037 (2013).
  •  J. A. Grant, S. A. Wilson, N. Mangold, F. Calef, III, J. P. Grotzinger, The timing of alluvial activity in Gale crater, Mars. Geophysical Research Letters 41, 1142-1148 (2014).
  • R. E. Milliken, R. C. Ewing, W. W. Fischer, J. Hurowitz, Wind-blown sandstones cemented by sulfate and clay minerals in Gale Crater, Mars. Geophysical Research Letters 41, 1149-1154 (2014).
  •  P. Sobron et al., Geochemical profile of a layered outcrop in the Atacama analogue using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: Implications for Curiosity investigations in Gale. Geophysical Research Letters 40, 1965-1970 (2013).
  • F. Poulet, J. Carter, J. L. Bishop, D. Loizeau, S. M. Murchie, Mineral abundances at the final four curiosity study sites and implications for their formation. Icarus 231, 65-76 (2014).
  • S. Karunatillake et al., A martian case study of segmenting images automatically for granulometry and sedimentology, Part 1: Algorithm. Icarus 229, 400-407 (2014).
  •  S. P. Kounaves, B. L. Carrier, G. D. O’Neil, S. T. Stroble, M. W. Claire, Evidence of martian perchlorate, chlorate, and nitrate in Mars meteorite EETA79001: Implications for oxidants and organics. Icarus 229, 206-213 (2014).
  •  J. Wierzchos et al., Ignimbrite as a substrate for endolithic life in the hyper-arid Atacama Desert: Implications for the search for life on Mars. Icarus 224, 334-346 (2013).
  •  S. Schroeder, S. G. Pavlov, I. Rauschenbach, E. K. Jessberger, H. W. Huebers, Detection and identification of salts and frozen salt solutions combining laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and multivariate analysis methods: A study for future martian exploration. Icarus 223, 61-73 (2013).
  •  E. S. Kite, I. Halevy, M. A. Kahre, M. J. Wolff, M. Manga, Seasonal melting and the formation of sedimentary rocks on Mars, with predictions for the Gale Crater mound. Icarus 223, 181-210 (2013).
  •  J. J. Wray, Gale crater: the Mars Science Laboratory/Curiosity Rover Landing Site. International Journal of Astrobiology 12, 25-38 (2013).


  • F. Zhou et al., Simulations of Mars Rover Traverses. Journal of Field Robotics 31, 141-160 (2014).
  • M. Heverly et al., Traverse Performance Characterization for the Mars Science Laboratory Rover. Journal of Field Robotics 30, 835-846 (2013).
  •  A. M. Harri et al., Pressure observations by the Curiosity rover: Initial results. Journal of Geophysical Research-Planets 119, 82-92 (2014).
  • B. Ehresmann et al., Charged particle spectra obtained with the Mars Science Laboratory Radiation Assessment Detector (MSL/RAD) on the surface of Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research-Planets 119, 468-479 (2014).
  • P. D. Archer, Jr. et al., Abundances and implications of volatile-bearing species from evolved gas analysis of the Rocknest aeolian deposit, Gale Crater, Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research-Planets 119, 237-254 (2014).
  •  J. A. Berger et al., MSL-APXS titanium observation tray measurements: Laboratory experiments and results for the Rocknest fines at the Curiosity field site in Gale Crater, Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research-Planets 119, 1046-1060 (2014).
  •  R. M. Haberle et al., Preliminary interpretation of the REMS pressure data from the first 100 sols of the MSL mission. Journal of Geophysical Research-Planets 119, 440-453 (2014).
  • J. Koehler et al., Measurements of the neutron spectrum on the Martian surface with MSL/RAD. Journal of Geophysical Research-Planets 119, 594-603 (2014).
  •  R. B. Norman, G. Gronoff, C. J. Mertens, Influence of dust loading on atmospheric ionizing radiation on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics 119, 452-461 (2014).
  • M. C. Palucis et al., The origin and evolution of the Peace Vallis fan system that drains to the Curiosity landing area, Gale Crater, Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research-Planets 119, 705-728 (2014).
  • A. M. Ollila et al., Trace element geochemistry ( Li, Ba, Sr, and Rb) using Curiosity’s ChemCam: Early results for Gale crater from Bradbury Landing Site to Rocknest. Journal of Geophysical Research-Planets 119, 255-285 (2014).
  • K. L. Siebach, J. P. Grotzinger, Volumetric estimates of ancient water on Mount Sharp based on boxwork deposits, Gale Crater, Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research-Planets 119, 189-198 (2014).
  •  M. E. Schmidt et al., Geochemical diversity in first rocks examined by the Curiosity Rover in Gale Crater: Evidence for and significance of an alkali and volatile-rich igneous source. Journal of Geophysical Research-Planets 119, 64-81 (2014).
  • V. Sautter et al., Igneous mineralogy at Bradbury Rise: The first ChemCam campaign at Gale crater. Journal of Geophysical Research-Planets 119, 30-46 (2014).
  • J. B. Balta, H. Y. McSween, Jr., Application of the MELTS algorithm to Martian compositions and implications for magma crystallization. Journal of Geophysical Research-Planets 118, 2502-2519 (2013).
  •  I. Jun et al., Neutron background environment measured by the Mars Science Laboratory’s Dynamic Albedo of Neutrons instrument during the first 100 sols. Journal of Geophysical Research-Planets 118, 2400-2412 (2013).
  • R. A. Yingst et al., Characteristics of pebble- and cobble-sized clasts along the Curiosity rover traverse from Bradbury Landing to Rocknest. Journal of Geophysical Research-Planets 118, 2361-2380 (2013).
  •  M. E. Minitti et al., MAHLI at the Rocknest sand shadow: Science and science-enabling activities. Journal of Geophysical Research-Planets 118, 2338-2360 (2013).


  •  J. J. Wray et al., Prolonged magmatic activity on Mars inferred from the detection of felsic rocks. Nature Geoscience 6, 1013-1017 (2013).
  • J. L. Campbell et al., The Mars Science Laboratory APXS calibration target: Comparison of Martian measurements with the terrestrial calibration. Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section B-Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 323, 49-58 (2014).
  •  J. L. Campbell et al., Refinement of the Compton-Rayleigh scatter ratio method for use on the Mars Science Laboratory alpha particle X-ray spectrometer. Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section B-Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 302, 24-31 (2013).
  •  H. B. Franz et al., Analytical techniques for retrieval of atmospheric composition with the quadrupole mass spectrometer of the Sample Analysis at Mars instrument suite on Mars Science Laboratory. Planetary and Space Science 96, 99-113 (2014).
  •  R. D. Lorenz, K. S. Sotzen, Buoyant thermal plumes from planetary landers and rovers: Application to sizing of meteorological masts. Planetary and Space Science 90, 81-89 (2014).
  •  J. M. Sobrado, J. Martin-Soler, J. A. Martin-Gago, Mimicking Mars: A vacuum simulation chamber for testing environmental instrumentation for Mars exploration. Review of Scientific Instruments 85, (2014).


  •  J. P. Grotzinger et al., A Habitable Fluvio-Lacustrine Environment at Yellowknife Bay, Gale Crater, Mars. Science 343, (2014).
  • D. M. Hassler et al., Mars’ Surface Radiation Environment Measured with the Mars Science Laboratory’s Curiosity Rover. Science 343, (2014).
  • S. M. McLennan et al., Elemental Geochemistry of Sedimentary Rocks at Yellowknife Bay, Gale Crater, Mars. Science 343, (2014).
  • D. W. Ming et al., Volatile and Organic Compositions of Sedimentary Rocks in Yellowknife Bay, Gale Crater, Mars. Science 343, (2014).
  • D. T. Vaniman et al., Mineralogy of a Mudstone at Yellowknife Bay, Gale Crater, Mars. Science 343, (2014).
  • C. R. Webster et al., Low Upper Limit to Methane Abundance on Mars. Science 342, 355-357 (2013).
  • J. P. Grotzinger, Analysis of Surface Materials by the Curiosity Mars Rover INTRODUCTION. Science 341, 1475-1475 (2013).
  • D. L. Bish et al., X-ray Diffraction Results from Mars Science Laboratory: Mineralogy of Rocknest at Gale Crater. Science 341, (2013).
  • D. F. Blake et al., Curiosity at Gale Crater, Mars: Characterization and Analysis of the Rocknest Sand Shadow. Science 341, (2013).
  • L. A. Leshin et al., Volatile, Isotope, and Organic Analysis of Martian Fines with the Mars Curiosity Rover. Science 341, (2013).
  • P. R. Mahaffy et al., Abundance and Isotopic Composition of Gases in the Martian Atmosphere from the Curiosity Rover. Science 341, 263-266 (2013).
  • E. M. Stolper et al., The Petrochemistry of Jake_M: A Martian Mugearite. Science 341, (2013).
  • P. Y. Meslin et al., Soil Diversity and Hydration as Observed by ChemCam at Gale Crater, Mars. Science 341, (2013).
  • R. A. Kerr, PLANETARY SCIENCE Life Could Have Thrived on Mars, but Did It? Curiosity Still Has No Clue. Science 339, 1373-1373 (2013).
  • C. R. Webster et al., Isotope Ratios of H, C, and O in CO2 and H2O of the Martian Atmosphere. Science 341, 260-263 (2013).
  • C. Zeitlin et al., Measurements of Energetic Particle Radiation in Transit to Mars on the Mars Science Laboratory. Science 340, 1080-1084 (2013).
  • R. C. Wiens et al., Pre-flight calibration and initial data processing for the Chem Cam laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy instrument on the Mars Science Laboratory rover. Spectrochimica Acta Part B-Atomic Spectroscopy 82, 1-27 (2013).

Library staff can provide customized lists by topics.  For more questions, contact the Library Reference Desk at, or call ext 4-4200.


CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 95th Ed. Online

July 17th, 2014

Celebrating over 100 years since its first publication, the content of the 95th Edition of the CRC Handbook of Chemistry & Physics is now available online.  Here is a short list of special features from the latest edition:

  • Structure searching of chemicals
  • Interactive tables: data can be filtered, exported, and sorted online.
  • 22 new tables, including:
    • Common Symbols Used in Gas and Liquid Chromatographic Schematic Diagrams
    • Abbreviations Used in the Assessment and Presentation of Laboratory Hazards
    • Incompatible Chemicals
    • Explosion (Shock) Hazards
    • Water-Reactive Chemicals
    • Testing Requirements for Peroxidizable Compounds
    • Tests for the Presence of Peroxides
    • Pyrophoric Compounds – Compounds That Are Reactive with Air
    • Laser Hazards in the Laboratory
  • Historical figures in chemistry and physics: this edition include achievements for Galileo Galilei, James Clerk Maxwell, Marie Sklodowska Curie, and Linus Carl Pauling, who follow last year’s group: Isaac Newton, Niels Bohr, Antoine Lavoisier and Dmitri Mendeleev.

Questions and comments about the latest edition of CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics can be sent to, or leave your comments here.


Sept 11-12, 9:00-4:00, Desk Copy Exchange

August 28th, 2014

The next Desk Copy Exchange is scheduled for September 11th and 12th, from 9:00 am to 4:00 pm  at the Hub on each day.

The JPL Library receives returned “desk copies” and occasional book donations from employees.  After adding the appropriate ones to the library’s collection, there are duplicate copies and slightly out-of-scope books remaining.  The “Desk Copy Exchange” is for all JPLers; come take a look and provide a new home to the books so that they are useful again!

There are books on programming languages, MS Office applications, sciences, engineering,and  business management.   The Exchange will be held on May 13th and 14th, between 9:00 am and 4:00 pm, or until all these books find new homes, whichever first.

Aug 11-Aug 29, Winning PostDoc Posters on Display

August 11th, 2014

Sixty-nine postdocs presented their research over the past year to the JPL community at a recent​ poster session July. A panel of judges selected the best poster in each of four categories.

Five of the posters were selected for honors by a panel of judges, including two for Earth science. The awardees:

Astrophysics and Space Science

Francis-Yan Cyr-Racine (organization 3266): “Looking at Dark Matter Through Strong Gravitational Lenses.” Adviser: Leonidas Moustakas.

Earth Science

Fernando Santo (334H): “The Spectrum of Natural Disturbances on Amazon Forests.” Adviser: Sassan Saatchi.

Clare Wong (329J): “Mapping CH4:CO2 Ratios in Los Angeles with Simulated Satellite Remote Sensing from Mount Wilson.” Adviser: Stanley Sander.

Planetary Science and Life Detection

Paul Ries (3265): A Young Region on Enceladus Revealed by 2-centimeter Radiometry?” Adviser: Michael Janssen.

Technology, Instrumentation and Engineering

Kurt Star (Org 3464): “Advanced Skutterudites for Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators.” Adviser: Jean-Pierre Fleurial.

Aug 7, 11:30-12:30 Collaboration, Open Developer Meetup

August 4th, 2014

This is a part of OCIO Explore IT Workshop series.  For more details, contact Whitney Haggins at ext 4-6948.

Hundreds of people at JPL are writing code to solve their problems through software. For those who are going to tackle a new software project, chances are good that someone at JPL has already considered, started or even finished work that will benefit you.

Since the introduction of new collaborative development tools at JPL, a growing community of 380+ has participated in sharing code across more than 1,400 now-accessible projects. From Mars time conversion libraries to flexible web-based JPL plotting and secure cloud computing snippets, many common solutions are ready for use today.

The format will be a series of five-minute demos, each followed by five minutes of questions and answers:

- Apache Tika: Extract, Transform, Load (ETL) your heart out using the Digital Babel Fish by Lewis McGibbney and Tyler Palsulich

- Timely: A Flexible Web Plotting Library by Tom Crockett

- Reusable D3 Components on MSL by Matt Lenda

- JPL’s New Search Architecture by Ricky Ma and Jeff Liu

The event is presented by the Office of the Chief Technology Office.

July 30-Aug 1, 8:30-5:00, Ranger 7 Model Exhibit

July 29th, 2014

In celebration of the anniversary of the Ranger 7 encounter with the moon, the JPL Archives will exhibit a 50-year-old 1/6 scale model of the Ranger 7 spacecraft in the Hub, beginning Tuesday at 11:30.  The exhibit will include archival documents, drawings, and photographs that tell the story of the Ranger missions to the moon, and will explain how spacecraft models were used by project staff, media relations, and public services at a time when computer animation didn’t exist.

A side note: A part of the model was missing. However, with photos and drawings from the Archives, staff from OCIO was able to re-create the part with 3D printing technology!